Science of Cycling: A History of Bicycling Timeline
Timeline 1817 Baron von Drais invents the Draisine (also known as a Hobby Horse or
1817 Baron von Drais invents the Draisine (also known as a Hobby Horse
or Swift-Walker), an improved celerifere than can be steered with handlebars.
1839 Kirkpatrick MacMilan of Scotland adds cranks and treadmills
to the rear axle of a two-wheeled vehicle, but gains only local notoriety.
1858 Pedals are added to the front wheel of a two-wheeled machine,
creating a bone-jarring machine challed the velocipede or “boneshaker.”
1868 Velocipedes are manufactured in the United States and velocipede
riding becomes a popular fad.
1869 Solid rubber tires replace iron velocipede tires and the
term “bicycle” is first used.
1872 The Ariel, the first high-wheel Ordinary, is manufactured
1876 The Ordinary or high-wheeler is first displayed in America.
1877 First U.S.-made Ordinary manufactured.
1880 League of American Wheelmen is founded and begins lobbying
for better roads.
1884 Thomas Stevens pedals across the United States –from Oakland,
California, to Boston Massachusetts. J. K. Starley invents the “safety
|Starley Saftey bicycle|
1889 Pneumatic rubber tires invented.
1894 Fashion designers re-introduce the bloomer costume, freeing
women from the restrictive corsets and dress of the time.
1895 Chicago puts its mailmen on bicycles; the price of a good-quality
horse reaches a new low; four schoolmarms stir up controversy by wearing
bloomers to work.
1896 Margaret Valentine Le Long rides from Chicago to San Francisco;
coaster brakes are invented; Henry Ford builds his first succesful automobile.
|Ford’s first automobile|
1898 Bicyles’ popularity in the United States declines.
1899 “Mile-a-Minute” Murphy sets a bicycle speed record
— one mile in 57.75 seconds.
1903 Bicycle mechanics Wilbur and Orville Wright fly 120 feet
in the first succesful airplane.
1962 New bicycle boom begins.
1972 Bicycles outsell cars in the United States –13 million to
11 million; bicycle thefts account for 17% of all larcenies in the U.S.
1973 Dr. Allan Abbott sets a bicycle speed record, reaching 138.674
mph on the Bonneville Salt Flats.
1975 First Internation Human Powered Speed Championships held.
1976 2,000 cyclists celebrate the Bicentennial by riding across
1981 The Specialized Stumpjumper became the first mass-produced mountain
bikes. It helps popularize the sport.
1984 The road race becomes the first women’s cycling event at
1985 John Howard of the US sets a new bicycle speed record of
152.284 mph. The first person to go over 150 miles an hour on a bicycle.
1995 Fred Rompelberg of the Netherlands sets a new bicycle speed
record of 166.9 mph. At the time, he was 50 years old, and the world’s
oldest professional cyclist.
1996 Mountain biking introduced as an Olympic sport.